What is ADHD?
ADHD is a condition of the brain that affects a person's ability to pay attention. It is most common in school-age children.
What are some signs or symptoms of ADHD?
ADHD is a chronic disorder, meaning that it affects an individual throughout life. The symptoms are also pervasive, meaning they occur in multiple settings, rather than just one.
Current research supports the idea of two distinct characteristics of ADHD, inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. A child with these characteristics typically demonstrates the following signs:
ADHD is diagnosed by the child's doctor, with input from the family and other professionals. These professionals include the following:
Assessments by the SLP may include some or all of the following:
Specific speech and language patterns vary from child to child with ADHD. For example, some children with ADHD also have learning disabilities that affect their speech and language. Evaluation of each child's individual speech and language ability is critical to developing an appropriate treatment plan.
Speech and language intervention for the person with ADHD is always individualized, as each person has different needs.
This list is not exhaustive and inclusion does not imply endorsement of the organization or the content of the Web site by ASHA.
In most cases, the cause of ADHD is unknown. The most likely cause of ADHD appears to be genetics. Many children with ADHD have a family history of the disorder or behaviors associated with ADHD.
Information about the incidence and prevalence of ADHD is available in the ASHA report Incidence and Prevalence of Speech, Voice, and Language Disorders in Adults in the United States.